Monday, March 4, 2019

week 7

Week 7

This week I had created a circuit that functioned correctly and learned the different components of where to connect certain parts. I learned that the 9V battery would blow the LED if I didn't include the resistor. The LED also connects to the analog ports. I  learned to find the resistance for the piezo speaker through ada fruit and the LED. I realized I needed two switches instead of one. One for the speaker and one for the on/off function. I had to fix the wires as well to where they would be neater and easier to configure in the actual project. I learned to identify the legs of the potentiometer on the diagram to pinpoint where the wires would connect. Sadly, this diagram didn't save and impacted my final project. 

Thursday, February 28, 2019

Week 6 Reflection

Week 6 

This week I was introduced to the components of the project that were to be expected. These components are narrative, tone grammar, hook (story behind it) and information about project itself- goals, subject matter and cost. Documentation was to also be included. This documentation consisted of  Documentation images, videos, diagrams etc, well made, focused, clear, well lit, bill of materials ( parts list)
part numbers, links, etc. A thorough description of steps and a grabbable code are required as well. I also learnt about concepts based on the idea of making and the ideology that follows it . This included concepts such as engineering, material science and factory. Topics such as conflicts, identity and activity were also discussed. The main topic discussed was the Californian Ideology. This ideology is based on consumption, innovation, utopianism and gender meaning that this ideology is gender-specific. The utopian idealism stems from their belief that the technology will only result in growth and prosperity. However, they fail to realize that people can only be interested in technology for a certain period of time. An example of this is the downfall of facebook due to new, more interesting social media platforms. I was also introduced to Instructables and how it relates to the course.

I struggled this week with finding the correct values for the materials needed and coming up with a circuit concept. I also struggled with how I would manufacture the project meaning what the final product would look like.  

Sunday, February 17, 2019

Week 5 Reflection

Weel 5 Reflection

I struggled this week in deciding a project. I had to conduct research to learn more about the project itself and it's function. I struggled with the design of the project and which references I would use. Meaning which references would be useful to a beginner and which ones wouldn't. However, I did learn myths about the project that would be useful in understanding the meaning of the device I'm creating. I also was introduced to different ways to construct the device and the meaning of the different components. 

Why I Am Not A Maker Discussion

Why I Am Not A Maker Article

Debbie Chachra teaches her own engineering courses and in which she is a first year studio instructor for first-year engineering. She often gets labeled as a maker and finds it uncomfortable due to being given an "identity". This identity relates to the idea of making things pervades tech culture. She states in the article that there is a widespread idea that "People who make things are different than those who don't." This motivation comes from the fact that creators take pride in creation. Debbie believes that the cultural primacy of making is superior to that of non-making. That artifacts are valued more than individuals themselves nowadays. She believes the problem resides not in making but that the alternative to making is nothing. Meaning that those who do not label themselves as makers are not valued. She believes that calling ones self a maker is a gendered, capitalist title. Silicon Valley is an example of this divide in those who deal with tech receive benefits while those who work in other fields such as management don't. Debbie states that people and their occupations are becoming undervalued due to the title of maker. People who characterize Debbie as a maker mistake her methods-courses, workshops, editorials for the effects. People who claim she "makes" other people diminish their role in sense-making as if learning is something she does to them. This devaluates the care-giving aspect by enforcing idea that only making things is valuable. Overall, Debbie believes that people who aren't makers or don't want to be labeled as such need to recognized as well. 

Tuesday, February 5, 2019

Arduino Studio Time Week 4

Arduino Code/Studio- Week 4

For the Arduino Studio time we followed a digram to allow the code to 
function properly. The light readings would lower or raise depending on the amount of light. The HOT wire was connected to the 3.3v and the GRND wire was connected to the 5V. The sensory wire was green and connected to the Arduino as well. A 10k resistor was used and we were shown a code that would affect the light sensitivity. 

Project One Idea

Project One Idea- EMF Detector

For Project One I thought of creating an EMF Arduino Detector. The purpose of this device would be to detect electromagnetic frequency levels in the area. Stronger energy currents would result in higher readings on the device. EMF would be detected through one or more antennae attached the device. The readings would be shown on an LCD  screen in a digital form or the LEDs would light up. The device would be black, white, blue or red in which I attached the designs below. 

  • Mini On/Off Power Button/Push Button Switch -$ 0.95
  • 1x 101-100 ohm Square Soft Touch T18 Potentiometer-Blue- $ 0.50
  • 1x Large Enclosed Piezo Element w/Wires -$ 0.95
  • 11x 100ohm resistors-$0.10
  • 1x solid wire (antennae)- $0.10
  • Various Stranded Wires (different colors) -$0.30
  • Diffused Red and Green Indicator LED 18mm Round- $1.50 
  • (Other Option LED)- LED Assortment, 5mm, 20each Red, Green, Yellow, Blue & White- $ 2.95

Example of Circuited Board, Sketches and Completed Examples

Other Information

  • The detector would require baseline readings under the same conditions in order to prove accurate. 
  • EMF detectors are highly sensitive to motion.
  • Those who are hypersensitive to EMF may display whole host of physical, mental and emotional symptoms that could be confused with paranormal activity. 
  • EMF can also cause sleep disturbances which also relates to paranormal activity.  

Monday, February 4, 2019

Toaster Article

Toaster Article-Maker Movement 

The toaster resulted in the book "Toaster like Monstrosities". The author of this article states that nobody was able to manufacture a pencil in 1958. They also state that a regular toaster was cheaper than Thomas's. Thomas had spent 250 times as much money and traveled thousands of miles to build his own. Toasting bread however wasn't the purpose of the toaster. The purpose was rather to challenge if one could manufacture an object from scratch using hand-made materials. The author states Thomas found it nearly impossible to manufacture a toaster by scratch. 

Maker Movement Toaster Video

Toaster from Scratch Video- Maker Movement

Thomas Thwaites attempted to craft a toaster from scratch from collected materials. He quotes Doulas Adams in " Left to his own devices he couldn't build a toaster. He could just about make a sandwich." Thomas quotes this because Douglas realizes that without human society he could only make a sandwich. Thomas wanted to challenge this theory. Thomas started this challenge by purchasing an electrical toaster and taking it apart. Inside he found 400 bits and realized he couldn't work with all the materials. Instead he chose 5 materials which were steel, mica, plastic, copper and nickel. Thomas first sought out a professor who taught him how to craft steel and went to an iron mine to mine his own ore. He found that steel was actually crease limestone produced by sea creatures 500 million years ago. Thomas was told this information by Ray would was a professional in mining. Thomas brought a suitcase full of ore back to his town and went to the History of Science Library. There he found history about metalology and smelting. Thomas first used a trashcan as a smelting space but then switched to an industrial microwave. The next material Thomas searched for was copper. He brought back copper minerals in water jugs. He then went to Scotland to mine Mica ands used plant starches for oils for plastic. He tried contacting BP first but they declined his plastic request. Snails ate the potato starch for the plastic so the casing had small holes. The overall result was interesting but would have been better if Thomas was able to include insulated wires so that it functioned properly. However, I find it impressive that the toaster was able to function for a few seconds. Thomas was smart in making a mold for the toaster out of a tree but I wish that the actual object was sturdier. 

Week 4 Reflection

This week I learned about Arduino Boards and how to make them function with code. I learned that sensory wires are usually green and that a LDR is used rather than an LED. PWM  means pulse width modulation and allows you to program RGB ( Red, Blue, Green). A 10k resistor is needed aswell. The GRND & HOT Wires and connected at specific points on the Arduino Board. 

I am currently struggling with deciding on an idea for project One. Both my ideas require work and I am lacking in the creative process in order to decide on a project. 

Monday, January 28, 2019

Maker Movement Article Discussion

Maker Movement Article

Amy Hurst conducts research to solve the Maker-Movement problem of non-accessible tools due to high-costs and technological barriers. She develops tools almost anyone can use and works at the Prototyping and Design Lab. Amy engages individuals with needs in science, tech, engineering and math (STEM). Hurst realized that people with disabilities and impairments couldn't access current DIY tools. She also realized that people would rather repair/customize what they owned rather than create new things. This led her to develop new tools/platforms under "Making for all". The tools developed range from VizTouch to GripFab. VizTouch allows teachers to print 3-D math questions that are tactile for visually-impaired students. GribFab allows disabled individuals to print custom hand grips. The National Science Foundation (NSF) supports Hurst and those similar to her. NSF focuses on the curious, creative and self-driven crowd that engages in making. The role of NSF started in laboratories across the nation such as The University of Texas, Massachusetts institute of Technology and University of Rochester. NSF has committed more than $200 million to manufacturing research and other activities. Today, NASA,NIST and the Dept of Energy are also involved in 3-D printing and manufacturing. Due to the research being federally supported, major tools in DIY activities are possible. Some of these tools include CNC routers, computer aided design and Scratch Programming Lang. Inside Hurst's makerspace, those with intellectual disabilities are able to learn to design/print objects using technological design tools. President Obama hosted the "National Week of Making" in order to lift up creators and builders across the country. The first National Maker Faire was organized on June 12th-13th. NSF helped open the CITRIS Invention Lab in 2012 by providing funds to plan and design the Lab. CITRIS is intended to allow students to change ideas into realities. Skintallates which is an electronic temp tattoo was made in the CITRUS Lab and won "Maker of Merit" at the National Maker's Faire. Ben Shapiro and Brian Gravel from Tuff's University created a makerspace which transformed into Nedlam's Workshop and was funded by NSF. The workshop is largely used by Haitian females. Nedlam's workshop encourages ethnicity and equality. Researchers Erica Halverson and Kimberly Sheridan found that makerspaces share themes. These themes are multidisciplinary fuels engagement and innovation, makerspaces have a marked diversity of learning arrangements and learning is for the making. However,  they also observed there is tension in making between open -ended and structured activities inside makerspaces. Research is currently in action to develop a solution to this. Overall the NSF and other government agencies supporting research/development and education that will create a technological break-through. 

Sunday, January 27, 2019

Maker Movement Video Discussion

Maker Movement Video Discussion 

Leah Buechley enjoys working in the Lab and calls it one of the best jobs on Earth. She created the program High-Low-Tech in order to help everyone fall in love with technology and construction instead of consumption. Leah explains that the program takes everyone seriously and brings creative experience to those who are alienated from technology in particular. The program achieves this by planting technology in unexpected places. Involving paint and paper with technology is one example of this process. Leah's student had created a pop-up book infused with LEDs. Leah believes that this enriches expressivity of design and creation. She builds tools and kits that help people become connected with technology. The kit consists of non-toxic water based conductive paint and a set of traditional electronic modules. The kit works by glueing modules to paper and using the paint to sketch out ideas. Leah states that working with paper and paint in technology changes it in interesting/profound ways. She also states that people are able to manipulate paper in more ways than wires. This can influence how we think in building technology. She created another kit called the Lily-Pad Arduino which engages new people in technology.  The kit engages new people through allowing people to sew electronics onto their clothing/daily fashion. The kit consists of a sewable computer and assortment of switches, sensors, motors, lights and conductive electrical thread. These assortments are sewn to clothing with the thread and are claimed to be washable, wearable and flexible. Some of the projects manufactured with the kit include a dress that detects CO2 levels in the atmosphere, biking jacket that uses LEDS as turn signals and illuminates the rider, Embroidery piece and a handbag that records/play backs knitting patterns. Leah believes that technology needs to expand in different creative directions than just robots and soldering. She concludes that the more people involved, the greater the change. 

Week 3 Discussion

Week 3 Overview

I wasn't able to attend Wednesday's lecture so I didn't learn much this week. However, I do have challenges I am facing in this course. I faced the challenge of learning to solder without burning off component pieces and faced difficulty in finalizing my project 1 idea. Currently I am worried about how my project will turn-out due to missing the coding tutorial in class and lacking experience. I am also concerned about the cost of the materials and if the code and end project will function properly.